When people casually examine at the symbology proudly displayed on our currency, they don't pay much attention. If they did, they would be asking the same questions I have always pondered; why are there ancient Egyptian symbols on United States currency, and why the recurrence of the number thirteen? Wouldn’t it be more meaningful to have a rendering of Paul Revere riding his stallion through the night, or how about a liberty bell ?

Why the number thirteen?

We have been led to believe the number thirteen is an "unlucky" number, but it is in fact a number of great significance and metaphysical purpose:

Jesus and the Twelve Apostles =13
Moses and the Twelve Tribes =13
Jason and the Twelve Argonauts =13
The Original Colonies =13

These are but a few examples, and if you examine the back of our dollar bill, you will see the number thirteen endlessly represented by obscure imagery.

For example:

1) Thirteen arrows that the "Eagle" is holding in its left talon
2) Thirteen leaves of the "olive branch" in the other talon
3) Thirteen olives in the olive branch
4) Thirteen stars above the "Eagles" head
5) Thirteen "tiers" to the Pyramid
6) Thirteen letters in "E PLURUBIS UNUM" (From
7) Thirteen letters in Annuit Coeptis (Announcing the Birth of...OR... A Favorable Undertaking)
8) Thirteen stripes and thirteen stars on the Escutcheon (shield) the "Eagle" is "holding"

This was not an accident, as many of our founding fathers were Freemasons. Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock and George Washington to name a few, and thirteen members of the original Congress. The number 13 is of great significance to the Freemasons, and its appearance on our currency was not random - it was very deliberate.

Curious George

Washington took his first Presidential oath of office on a Bible borrowed from a Masonic Lodge in New York City which was administered by Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, Grand Master of Masons. In fact, on a monument commemorating George Washington's presidency it reads: "George Washington; Freemason and First President".


Wow! The Freemason monicker gets top billing (pun intended)! The symbology of the dollar bill was of deliberate design, and is resplendent with Egyptian/Masonic symbology.

Nevertheless, people just don't believe me (or are apathetic) when I tell them that Washington was a Mason, and a very important one at that. So for you disbelievers (and those of you who care), here is a painting of good ol' George proudly displaying his Masonic apron in a ceremony that is most certainly, well...Masonic - !


This is a print of George Washington laying the "cornerstone" of the United States Capitol, September 18, 1793. There is important Christian/Egyptian dogma here, as Christ maintains that he is the cornerstone of Christianity, and gnostic Christian ethos maintains that this is a metaphor for the cornerstone of the Great Pyramid, a monument they believe was dedicated to the Christian god in the middle of Egypt. This painting was commissioned by the Supreme Council, 33 degrees (an important Masonic number as you will find out) Southern Jurisdiction, USA.

Meanwhile, back to the number thirteen...

"Since the date, 1776, is placed on the bottom course of the pyramid, and since the number 13 has been so important in the history of the United States and in the symbols of the seal, it is not unreasonable to suppose that the thirteen courses of the pyramid may represent thirteen time-periods of thirteen years each." — Paul Foster Case, 1935

The legendary "Fugio" coins and currency, designed by Benjamin Franklin in 1776, depict a circle of thirteen interlocking rings surrounding the motto, "We Are One." This may explain the occurrence of that number on the Dollar Bill, as Mr. Franklin headed the "First Committee" that designed the first rendition of our currency. It should be noted that the number thirteen is thought to be a number of "transformation", according to experts in numerology and Freemasonry. It appears that the number 13 may represent the transformation from colonies to a united nation.

Additional observations


The Great Seal

The first thing you may notice is that the eagle holds arrows in one talon, and an olive branch in the other. Its head is turned toward the olive branch, acknowledging that peace is the favored path, yet it displays the arrows as if to say it has the power to use aggression if necessary.

You've already seen the number thirteen represented countless times on the Great Seal, but there are some additional numbers to note as well. The eagle has 32 feathers on one wing, and 33 feathers on the other (go on - count 'em). This may seem insignificant to you, but to the Masons, it is of great importance. The highest "degree" or "level" of Freemasonry are the 32nd and 33rd degrees. Apparently, an initiate must go through some form of rigorous trial, requiring much study to get to the 32nd degree. What type of knowledge is known exclusively to the Freemasons, so I can only speculate as to what it may entail. Perhaps some sort of initiation into a school of sacerdotal Egyptian knowledge or symbology. One cannot strive for the 33rd degree level, it is bestowed upon one by the Freemasons.

Here is an example of some esoteric Masonic verbiage:

"In the ritual of exaltation, the name of the great Architect of the Universe is revealed as JAH-BUL-ON....each syllable of the 'ineffable name' represents one personality of this Trinity:
JAH = Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews
BUL = Ba'al, the ancient Canaanite fertility god associated with 'licentious rites of imitative magic'
ON = Osiris, the Ancient Egyptian god of the underworld"

You may notice that the thirteen stars above the Eagle’s head form a hexagram or "Star of David". It is also a vortex, made up of two opposing triangles and a star in the center through which all of creation emerges (for you fans of Sacred Geometry and the Vesica Pisces).

On the original Dollar Bill the eagle was a hawk, possibly to pay homage to the Egyptian falcon-headed god/Neter/concept "Horus", or it might represent the Egyptian concept of the "Phoenix" (okay - I'm speculating here). The Phoenix was the patron god of Heliopolis ( City of the Sun), a glorious bird born of its ashes a recurring theme of resurrection whose foundation was at the center of Egyptian religion.

Not surprisingly, Congress was concerned that the Capitol was far too vulnerable to be located on the East coast of our nation, and as a result of this, there was talk of moving the Capitol of the US to the city of Phoenix Arizona. This idea was championed by Ulysses S. Grant (a 33rd degree Mason, of course).

How very appropriate; an Egyptian Obelisk (the Washington Monument) smack dab in the middle of Phoenix (a city named after an ancient Egyptian "concept"), and our currency bearing a Pyramid and hawk! A beautiful homage to the high thinkers of Heliopolis.


So of course we need to do a quick detour and take a look at the flag of Arizona. The single star (Sba in Egyptian lore) represents the Egyptian goddess Isis; and her celestial counterpart is the constellation of Canis Major, which possesses the brightest object in the northern hemisphere; the brightest star in the northern hemisphere, Sirius. She is preceded by her brother/husband Osiris (the constellation of Orion). And of course, there are thirteen rays (count 'em) emanating from the star. I believe this is a representation of the heliacal rising of the star Sirius over the Nile river.

This celestial event heralded the annual flooding of the Nile river which brought about the new year for the Egyptians. There is an interesting linkage here; the red and gold rays were also the colors carried by Coronado's Spanish expedition in search of the Seven Cities of Cibola in 1540. Why, you may ask, is this expedition honored above all other Spanish conquests? Well, those cities were the legendary cities of Atlantis, and (according to those who believe in the anti-diluvian story) Phoenix was supposedly built on the ashes of one of them.

But I don't want to get too far off track here...

Back on track

According to a very old Masonic tradition, the Egyptian god Thoth "had played a major part in preserving knowledge of the Masonic craft transmitting it to mankind after the flood...."
- David Stevenson, “The Origins of Freemasonry”

"...The author of a well researched academic study [The Origins of Freemasonry]...went so far as to say that, in their early days, the Masons had regarded the Egyptian god Thoth as their patron."

"...The Book of Enoch has always been of great significance to Freemasons, and...certain rituals dating far back before Jesus identified Enoch himself with Thoth, the Egyptian god of wisdom." In the Royal Masonic Cyclopaedia is an entry 'that Enoch was the inventor of writing', 'that he taught men the art of building', and that, before the flood, he 'feared that the real secrets would be lost - to prevent which he concealed the grand Secret, engraved on a white oriental porphyry stone, in the bowels of the earth'."
- Graham Hancock, “The Sign and the Seal”


The Pyramid and "Eye"

The Pyramid on the Dollar Bill is missing its "top" or "capstone" (as is the Great Pyramid in Egypt), and above it hovers an "eye" with rays emanating from it. This is believed to be an archetype for God and his relationship to His creation. It is also a representation of the esoteric nature of man, and the the base of the Pyramid forms a trapezoid, which symbolizes the physical form of humanity.

The truncated pyramid bears a striking resemblance to the "Nemes" or "head dress" worn by Egyptian pharaohs. In Egyptian symbolism, what is not visible and beyond name or form is represented by empty space. Unseen divinity is implied by the triangular space (in this case the "All Seeing Eye") above the visible form (the truncated pyramid).

In Sacred Geometry, architects of ancient times incorporated a rectangle (or trapezoid) below a triangle. An example of this is the traditional doorway and triangular roof support still used today, although the esoteric meaning is lost. The doorway (rectangle) represents the elements of our physical nature while the triangle hearkens to our divine nature. The ancients were passionate about embedding esoteric metaphors in architecture and paintings. Perhaps this translated to our currency, as those who designed it were of the same school of thought.

Novus Ordo Seclorum, "New Order of the Ages", declares the banner beneath the Pyramid, and it announces the new government of the United States. This excerpt was taken from a web page explaining the purpose of the Great Seal. It precedes the excerpt below with the following text from our Congress:

An Eye in a triangle surrounded with a glory.

The Eye and the Motto allude to the many signal interpositions

of providence in favor of the American cause. (1782)

The following is taken from the Egyptian "Book of Coming Forth by Day"; better known as the "Book of the Dead" from the same web site ( ):

I am in the eye of god, resting in its blue orb. Golden eyelids encircle me.

Eyelashes grow like stalks of dark truth.

I see what I never dared — beyond the bucket banging the well, beyond mountains pushing up dirt. Light shimmers in every blade of grass, gods dance in every leaf, blue and gold fires leap from my pores.

I shine in and out of life.

A thousand forms have I, wholly mine — man and hawk, sycamore, lotus and fig.

I please myself to be born and to die over again.

I walk a flowered path bordered by a million years.

Season to season I change as a leaf greening.

I flow as blood through flesh.

The eye opens and closes, and then . . .

The "Owl"

if you look with a magnifying glass (it’s easier if you look at this graphic), at the top right hand corner on the reverse side of the dollar bill, on the top left corner of the "crest" surrounding the number one, you will see a very tiny owl. No one seems to know what this represents...


So, what does this all mean?

The owl traditionally represents wisdom and is vigilant while we are all sleeping. Perhaps it represents a small group of people that monitor this great economy (Yeah, I'm speculating again).


A. Our Forefathers just thought that the Pyramid, All Seeing Eye, tiny Owl and Falcon looked really great on the Dollar Bill

B. The Washington Monument was just neat looking design for a building

C. The number thirteen represented the original thirteen colonies.

I believe that the symbology on our currency is indeed Masonic because Benjamin Franklin was a Freemason, and chaired the First Committee to create the Great Seal. To be fair to the Masons, they vehemently deny the associative symbology and claim there are only similarities in the design of the Great Seal on the Dollar Bill. Go here to see the official Masonic stance.

So in conclusion, I believe Benjamin Franklin was instrumental in a "subliminal" incorporation of the number thirteen and its Masonic significance on our currency because of his membership in that organization, and his past involvement in designing currency incorporating that number. Why the Washington monument is modeled after an Egyptian obelisk needs to be questioned. I don't know who is responsible for the owl, or what it signifies. Perhaps further research is required to find the answers to these questions.